How To Watch Pink Floyd The Wall Movie


Background on Pink Floyd The Wall Movie

The Pink Floyd’s iconic concept album “The Wall” was brought to life on the big screen in 1982 with the release of the movie adaptation “Pink Floyd The Wall.” Directed by Alan Parker, the film is a visually stunning and thought-provoking journey that explores themes of isolation, psychological trauma, and societal oppression.

The idea for the film originated from the mind of Pink Floyd’s lead vocalist and bassist, Roger Waters. Inspired by his own personal experiences and feelings of alienation, Waters collaborated with illustrator Gerald Scarfe to create a captivating visual narrative for the album. This collaboration eventually evolved into a full-length feature film.

“Pink Floyd The Wall” tells the story of Pink, the protagonist who is a rock star and follows his descent into madness and self-imposed isolation. Through a series of mesmerizing visuals and captivating music, the film tackles themes of war, authoritarianism, and the destructive nature of fame.

The movie seamlessly combines live-action sequences with animated segments, heavily influenced by Gerald Scarfe’s distinctive and provocative artwork. Employing a surrealistic approach, the film takes audiences on a hallucinatory journey, blurring the boundaries between reality and imagination.

Upon its release, “Pink Floyd The Wall” garnered both critical acclaim and commercial success. The film’s stunning visuals, evocative music, and powerful performances made it an instant cult classic. It became a visual masterpiece that resonated with audiences and added a new dimension to Pink Floyd’s already influential music.

The success of “Pink Floyd The Wall” also marked a pivotal point in the history of music movies. It demonstrated that music albums could be successfully transformed into full-length cinematic experiences, with Pink Floyd leading the way as pioneers in this innovative approach.

Over the years, “Pink Floyd The Wall” has continued to captivate and inspire audiences. Its exploration of themes like mental health, societal pressure, and the dark side of fame remains relevant and thought-provoking to this day. The film has become an integral part of Pink Floyd’s legacy and continues to be celebrated as a groundbreaking work of art.

Overview of the Movie Plot

Pink Floyd The Wall is a captivating and visually stunning film that takes viewers on a dark and introspective journey into the mind of its protagonist, Pink. The story unfolds through a combination of live-action sequences, animated segments, and surrealistic imagery, all intricately woven together to create a thought-provoking narrative.

The film begins by introducing us to Pink, a troubled rock star haunted by his past and the emotional walls he has built around himself. As the story progresses, we delve deeper into Pink’s psyche, experiencing his tumultuous journey of self-destruction and isolation.

Through a series of mesmerizing and often surreal visuals, we witness Pink’s descent into madness and the breakdown of his relationships. Flashbacks from his childhood, marked by the death of his father during World War II, offer insight into the initial cracks in his mental and emotional well-being.

As Pink’s fame rises, so does his loneliness and disillusionment. He becomes increasingly detached from the world around him, feeling trapped by the suffocating expectations of his fans and the weight of his own celebrity status. His experiences on the road and encounters with groupies further fuel his internal turmoil.

The film’s narrative crescendos with Pink’s metaphorical “wall” — a symbol of his emotional and psychological barriers. As the wall grows, both physically and metaphorically, Pink becomes completely isolated from the outside world. He withdraws into his own mind, shutting out all connections and sinking deeper into a state of despair.

Ultimately, Pink confronts his own demons in a climactic and cathartic final act. This transformative moment allows him to begin the process of tearing down the metaphorical wall that has consumed his life. The film concludes on a note of hope as Pink’s redemption arc hints at the possibility of healing and personal growth.

The overarching themes of inner turmoil, isolation, and societal pressure are interwoven throughout the film’s plot, creating a profound and thought-provoking viewing experience. The combination of Pink Floyd’s evocative music, the striking visual imagery, and the raw and powerful performances make “Pink Floyd The Wall” a truly immersive exploration of the human condition.

Whether viewed as a metaphorical commentary on the music industry, an examination of the psychological effects of trauma, or a universal exploration of the barriers we build within ourselves, Pink Floyd The Wall is an iconic film that continues to captivate and resonate with audiences around the world.

Legal Ways to Watch Pink Floyd The Wall Movie

If you’re eager to experience the captivating visuals and thought-provoking narrative of “Pink Floyd The Wall,” there are several legal avenues available to watch the movie. Here are some options to consider:

  • Streaming Services: Many popular streaming platforms offer Pink Floyd The Wall in their movie libraries. Services like Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Prime Video, and Disney+ may have the film available for streaming, either as part of their regular subscription or as an additional rental or purchase.
  • Renting or Buying Online: Various online platforms, such as iTunes, Google Play, Vudu, and YouTube, provide the option to rent or buy digital copies of Pink Floyd The Wall. This allows you to stream the movie directly to your devices and enjoy it at your convenience.
  • DVD and Blu-ray: If you prefer physical copies, you can purchase the DVD or Blu-ray edition of Pink Floyd The Wall from online retailers like Amazon, Best Buy, and Walmart. These discs offer high-quality playback and additional bonus features that enhance your viewing experience.
  • Cable and Satellite Providers: Depending on your cable or satellite subscription, you may have access to premium movie channels that occasionally showcase Pink Floyd The Wall. Keep an eye on the broadcasting schedule to catch the film when it’s available on channels like HBO, Showtime, or Cinemax.
  • Specialty Film Screening Events: Check with local theaters or independent cinema houses to see if they host special screenings or retrospective events featuring Pink Floyd The Wall. These curated showings can provide a unique and immersive cinematic experience.

Remember, it’s essential to support the creators and copyright holders by choosing legal methods to watch Pink Floyd The Wall. By doing so, you ensure that the artists and everyone involved in the making of the film are rightfully compensated for their work.

Now that you’re aware of the legal ways to watch Pink Floyd The Wall, you can embark on a mesmerizing journey into the mind of Pink and experience the power of this iconic film firsthand.

Streaming Services That Offer Pink Floyd The Wall

If you’re a fan of Pink Floyd and want to watch “Pink Floyd The Wall” conveniently from the comfort of your own home, several streaming services provide the opportunity to stream the movie. Here are a few popular platforms where you can find Pink Floyd The Wall:

  • Netflix: Known for its extensive library of movies and TV shows, Netflix occasionally includes Pink Floyd The Wall in its lineup. Check the availability and regional restrictions on the platform to see if it’s currently streaming in your country.
  • Hulu: Hulu is another streaming service that may have Pink Floyd The Wall available for its subscribers. Keep an eye on their movie catalog to see if the film is currently included in their library.
  • Amazon Prime Video: As part of an Amazon Prime subscription, you can access a wide range of movies and TV shows, including Pink Floyd The Wall. Simply search for the movie in the Prime Video library and start streaming instantly.
  • Disney+: Although primarily known for its collection of Disney, Pixar, Marvel, and Star Wars content, Disney+ occasionally includes other films, including Pink Floyd The Wall. Check the available titles on the platform to see if it’s currently streaming.

It’s important to note that the availability of Pink Floyd The Wall on these streaming platforms may vary from country to country and can change periodically. Therefore, it’s a good idea to regularly check the platform in your region to see if the movie is currently available for streaming.

In addition to these popular streaming services, it’s worth exploring smaller, niche platforms that specialize in independent or cult films. These platforms, like Shudder, MUBI, or Fandor, may also include Pink Floyd The Wall in their curated collections.

Remember that while streaming services offer convenience and accessibility, their availability of specific titles may be subject to licensing agreements and regional restrictions. If the movie is not available on the streaming platforms you have access to, consider exploring other legal options such as renting, buying a digital copy, or purchasing the DVD or Blu-ray edition.

By utilizing these streaming services and legal avenues, you can immerse yourself in the mesmerizing visuals and powerful themes of “Pink Floyd The Wall” and embark on a captivating cinematic experience at your convenience.

Renting or Buying the Movie Online

If you’re unable to find “Pink Floyd The Wall” on any streaming platforms or prefer to have a digital copy of the film, there are several online platforms where you can rent or buy the movie. These options provide the flexibility to watch the film whenever you like and enjoy it on your preferred devices. Here are some popular platforms where you can rent or purchase “Pink Floyd The Wall”:

  • iTunes: Apple’s iTunes Store offers the option to rent or buy digital copies of movies, including “Pink Floyd The Wall.” Simply search for the title in the store, and you’ll be able to choose from rental or purchase options.
  • Google Play: Google Play Movies is another platform where you can rent or buy digital copies of films. Search for “Pink Floyd The Wall” on Google Play and select the rental or purchase option that suits you.
  • Vudu: Vudu is a popular online video streaming service that allows you to rent or purchase digital copies of movies. Search for “Pink Floyd The Wall” on Vudu and explore the rental and purchase options available.
  • YouTube: YouTube also offers a rental service, allowing you to rent “Pink Floyd The Wall” through their platform. Search for the movie on YouTube, and you’ll find the rental option available.

When renting a movie online, you typically have a specific rental period during which you can watch the film before it expires. The rental prices may vary depending on the platform and the quality of the video (SD or HD).

If you decide to purchase a digital copy, you’ll have the advantage of unlimited access to the movie, allowing you to watch it as many times as you like. The prices for purchasing the movie digitally may differ based on the platform, video quality, and any additional bonus features included.

Keep in mind that digital rental and purchase options may be subject to availability and regional restrictions. Therefore, it’s always a good idea to check the specific platform in your country or region to ensure that “Pink Floyd The Wall” is available for renting or buying online.

By utilizing these online rental and purchase options, you can have the flexibility to enjoy “Pink Floyd The Wall” on your own terms, whether it’s through a temporary rental or by owning a digital copy of the film.

DVD and Blu-ray Options

If you prefer owning physical copies of movies or want to enjoy “Pink Floyd The Wall” in the highest quality possible, purchasing the DVD or Blu-ray edition is an excellent option. These formats offer superior video and audio quality and often include bonus features that enhance your viewing experience. Here are some DVD and Blu-ray options to consider:

  • Amazon: Amazon is a reliable online retailer where you can find both DVD and Blu-ray editions of “Pink Floyd The Wall.” Simply search for the movie on Amazon’s website, and you’ll find various options available for purchase.
  • Best Buy: Best Buy is known for its wide selection of DVDs and Blu-rays. Check their website or visit a store near you to see if they carry “Pink Floyd The Wall” in either format.
  • Walmart: Walmart also offers a range of DVD and Blu-ray titles, including “Pink Floyd The Wall.” Explore their online selection or visit a Walmart store to find a physical copy of the film.

When purchasing the DVD or Blu-ray edition, you’ll have the advantage of owning a permanent physical copy of the movie. This allows you to watch it whenever you like, without any time restrictions or limitations imposed by streaming platforms.

The Blu-ray format, in particular, offers stunning high-definition visuals and immersive surround sound, further enhancing your viewing experience. The inclusion of bonus features such as behind-the-scenes footage, interviews, and commentary tracks can also provide valuable insights into the making of the film and deepen your appreciation for “Pink Floyd The Wall.”

When considering DVD or Blu-ray options, it’s important to check the region compatibility of the discs. Different regions have different DVD and Blu-ray encoding standards. Ensure that the edition you purchase is compatible with your DVD or Blu-ray player or your computer’s optical drive.

Owning a physical copy of “Pink Floyd The Wall” also allows you to showcase your love for the film as part of your movie collection. The artistic packaging and the tactile experience of handling the disc can be an additional joy for movie enthusiasts.

Whether you choose the DVD or the Blu-ray edition, owning a physical copy of “Pink Floyd The Wall” ensures that you can enjoy the movie in the highest quality and have a lasting memento of this iconic and visually stunning film.

How to Watch Pink Floyd The Wall Movie for Free

If you’re looking to watch “Pink Floyd The Wall” without incurring any costs, there are a few ways to achieve that. While it’s important to support the artists and copyright holders of the film, here are some options to consider for watching the movie for free:

  • Public Libraries: Check with your local public library as they may have a copy of “Pink Floyd The Wall” available for borrowing. Public libraries often have an extensive collection of movies that you can enjoy for free with a library card.
  • TV Network Specials: Occasionally, television networks or channels host special events or screenings where they showcase films like “Pink Floyd The Wall” for free. Keep an eye on the program schedules or check the websites of networks that often feature classic or cult movies.
  • Movie Streaming Platforms with Free Trials: Some streaming services offer free trials to new subscribers. By signing up for a free trial, you may have the opportunity to watch “Pink Floyd The Wall” without paying for a subscription. Just make sure to cancel the trial before it converts to a paid plan if you don’t plan to continue using the service.
  • Online Platforms with Free Movie Offerings: Online platforms like Tubi, Crackle, and Pluto TV offer free streaming with a collection of movies and TV shows. While these platforms may not always have “Pink Floyd The Wall” available, they regularly update their catalog, so it’s worth checking to see if the movie is included.
  • Community Screenings or Events: Keep an eye out for community screenings or events where “Pink Floyd The Wall” might be featured. Film clubs, local cinemas, or cultural organizations often organize free or low-cost showings of classic movies for the community.

While these methods may provide opportunities to watch “Pink Floyd The Wall” for free, it’s important to remember that the availability of the film without payment is subject to factors such as geographical location, temporary promotions, and licensing agreements. Therefore, it’s always advisable to check the specific platforms or events for the most up-to-date information on watching the movie for free.

By exploring these options, you can potentially enjoy “Pink Floyd The Wall” without any financial obligations, allowing you to experience the mesmerizing visuals and thought-provoking narrative of the film at no cost.

Tips for Enhancing your Viewing Experience

Watching “Pink Floyd The Wall” can be a captivating and immersive experience. To make the most of your viewing, here are some tips to enhance your overall enjoyment:

  • Create an Optimal Viewing Environment: Find a quiet and comfortable space where you can fully immerse yourself in the film. Dim the lights, adjust the sound settings, and remove any distractions to create an atmosphere that enhances the visual and auditory experience.
  • Pay Attention to the Visuals: “Pink Floyd The Wall” is known for its stunning visuals and visual storytelling. Take the time to appreciate the intricate details, symbolism, and artistic elements portrayed throughout the film. Allow yourself to get lost in the mesmerizing imagery.
  • Listen to the Music: Pink Floyd’s music is a significant aspect of “Pink Floyd The Wall.” Pay close attention to the lyrics, the melodies, and the emotions evoked by the music. Let the music guide and enhance your emotional connection to the film.
  • Reflect on the Themes and Symbolism: “Pink Floyd The Wall” explores profound themes of isolation, trauma, and societal pressures. Take moments to reflect on these themes and the broader social commentary within the film. Consider the symbolism and metaphors presented and their implications.
  • Read and Discuss Interpretations: Engaging with others who have watched the film can deepen your understanding and appreciation of “Pink Floyd The Wall.” Read interpretations, analyses, or join online discussions to gain new insights and perspectives.
  • Watch with Subtitles: If available, consider watching the film with subtitles. This can help in fully understanding the dialogue and lyrics, especially during the moments when the music may overpower the vocal tracks.
  • Take Breaks and Reflect: “Pink Floyd The Wall” is a dense and intense film. Taking short breaks during the viewing to reflect on the themes or moments can allow you to fully absorb and process the emotional impact of the film.
  • Research the Making of the Film: Exploring the behind-the-scenes details can deepen your appreciation for “Pink Floyd The Wall.” Discover the inspirations, challenges, and creative choices made by the filmmakers and artists involved in the making of the movie.
  • Keep an Open Mind: “Pink Floyd The Wall” is a complex and abstract film that invites interpretation. Embrace the ambiguity and allow yourself to interpret and reflect on the film’s meaning in your own unique way.

The experience of watching “Pink Floyd The Wall” goes beyond just passive viewing. By actively engaging with the film and its various elements, you can truly immerse yourself in its thought-provoking narrative and artistic vision.

Remember, each viewing may offer new insights and connections, so don’t hesitate to revisit the film multiple times and continue exploring its rich layers of meaning.

Analysis and Interpretation of the Movie

“Pink Floyd The Wall” is a film that invites deep analysis and interpretation due to its rich symbolism, layered storytelling, and thought-provoking themes. While interpretations can vary based on individual perspectives, here are some key aspects to consider when analyzing the movie:

An Exploration of Isolation and Psychological Trauma: “Pink Floyd The Wall” delves into themes of isolation and psychological trauma experienced by its protagonist, Pink. The film portrays the emotional “wall” that Pink builds around himself as a response to his traumatic experiences. This wall serves as a metaphor for his emotional barriers and his alienation from the outside world.

The Dark Side of Fame and Celebrity: The film also scrutinizes the dark side of fame and the toll it takes on individuals. Pink’s celebrity status propels him into a world of excess, emptiness, and disillusionment. Through his experiences, we witness the destructive nature of fame and the resulting disconnect from one’s true self and genuine connections with others.

A Critique of Societal Norms and Authoritarianism: “Pink Floyd The Wall” offers a social and political commentary on the impact of societal norms and authoritarianism. Themes of war, conformity, and control are explored, criticizing the oppressive systems that stifle individuality and creativity.

Identity and Self-Exploration: The film also delves into the exploration of identity and the search for self. Pink’s journey represents a disintegration and eventual reconstruction of one’s identity as he confronts his own inner demons and finds the courage to break down the walls he has built around himself.

The Power of Music and Art: “Pink Floyd The Wall” emphasizes the transformative power of music and art in expressing and processing emotions. The poetic lyrics and evocative melodies of Pink Floyd’s music serve as a cathartic outlet for Pink’s personal struggles, allowing him to communicate and connect with others on a profound level.

Metaphorical and Symbolic Imagery: The film’s use of metaphoric and symbolic imagery is abundant. From the recurrent motifs of war and oppressive forces to the animated sequences representing Pink’s inner thoughts and memories, these visuals contribute to the surreal and dreamlike atmosphere of the film, inviting further interpretation on various levels.

These are just a few of the layers of interpretation that can be explored in “Pink Floyd The Wall.” The film’s open-ended narrative and rich symbolism present an opportunity for viewers to reflect on its themes and draw personal connections and meanings.

Ultimately, the power of “Pink Floyd The Wall” lies in its ability to provoke deep thought and discussion, and each viewing can lead to new insights and perspectives.

The Cultural Impact of Pink Floyd The Wall

Pink Floyd’s “The Wall” and its accompanying film adaptation have had a profound cultural impact since their release. Here are some significant ways in which “Pink Floyd The Wall” has left its mark:

Musical Legacy and Influence: The album “The Wall” was a critical and commercial success when it was first released in 1979. It became one of Pink Floyd’s most iconic and best-selling albums, with its themes resonating with audiences worldwide. The film adaptation further bolstered the album’s popularity and introduced Pink Floyd’s music to an even wider audience.

Cult Status and Countercultural Appeal: “Pink Floyd The Wall” became a cult classic, appealing to countercultural movements and those seeking alternative forms of artistic expression. Its exploration of themes such as anti-establishment sentiment, individuality, and rebellion against societal norms resonated with audiences disillusioned by mainstream culture.

Legacy of Visual Storytelling: The film’s striking visuals and innovative storytelling techniques left a lasting influence on subsequent music videos, films, and visual artists. The surreal and metaphorical imagery employed in “Pink Floyd The Wall” broke new ground for music-related films and inspired a generation of filmmakers and visual artists.

Mental Health Awareness: “Pink Floyd The Wall” addresses themes of mental health, trauma, and coping mechanisms in a raw and unfiltered manner. By shedding light on these topics, the film contributed to the larger conversations surrounding mental health and its impact on individuals’ lives, breaking stigmas and promoting understanding.

A Cultural Touchstone of the 1980s: Released during the height of the 1980s, “Pink Floyd The Wall” encapsulated the era’s cultural and societal tensions. The themes of alienation, the consequences of war, and the search for personal identity were reflective of the societal anxieties prevalent during that time, and the film became a symbol of artistic expression pushing against societal constraints.

Concert Tours and Live Performances: “The Wall Live” concert tour, which Pink Floyd embarked on to support the album and later recreated in 2010-13 by Roger Waters, became a groundbreaking spectacle in live music performance. The visual grandeur and theatrical elements of the tour added to the cultural impact of “Pink Floyd The Wall” and solidified its status as a legendary piece of music history.

“Pink Floyd The Wall” continues to be celebrated as an artistic masterpiece and a cultural touchstone, remaining relevant in contemporary discussions of music, film, and societal critiques. Its enduring legacy lies in its ability to resonate with audiences across generations, encouraging introspection and fostering a sense of connection through its powerful storytelling and evocative music.

Trivia and Fun Facts about Pink Floyd The Wall

“Pink Floyd The Wall” is not only a cinematic masterpiece but also a fascinating subject of trivia and fun facts. Here are some interesting tidbits about the film:

  • The film’s story was inspired by Roger Waters’ own experiences and the emotional walls he built around himself due to fame and personal hardships.
  • Gerald Scarfe, the renowned British political cartoonist, collaborated with Pink Floyd to create the film’s iconic and provocative animations.
  • Alan Parker, the director of the film, incorporated live-action footage, animation, and groundbreaking special effects to create a visually stunning experience.
  • The film features cameo appearances by several notable figures, including Bob Geldof as Pink, James Laurenson as Pink’s Nazi teacher, and Eleanor David as Pink’s wife.
  • The film had a troubled production, with conflicts between Roger Waters and director Alan Parker. Despite the challenges, the creative tension contributed to the film’s unique and raw energy.
  • Gerald Scarfe’s animations were created by hand-drawing and painting each frame, resulting in a labor-intensive process that took over a year to complete.
  • “Pink Floyd The Wall” had its world premiere at the Cannes Film Festival in May 1982, where it received a mixed response from audiences and critics.
  • The film features several iconic songs from Pink Floyd’s album “The Wall,” including “Another Brick in the Wall (Part II),” “Comfortably Numb,” and “Hey You.”
  • The film’s soundtrack, along with Pink Floyd’s album “The Wall,” was produced by Bob Ezrin, who had previously worked with the band on their album “The Dark Side of the Moon.”
  • “Pink Floyd The Wall” was not initially intended to be a full-length movie. It started as a series of music videos to promote Pink Floyd’s album but evolved into a feature film.
  • The film tackled controversial themes, including war, sexuality, and authoritarianism, resulting in censorship and banning in several countries upon its release.
  • Pink Floyd’s live concert performances of “The Wall” featured a massive wall constructed on stage, symbolizing Pink’s emotional barriers. The wall would later be demolished during the final moments of the show.
  • The album “The Wall” and the film adaptation of “Pink Floyd The Wall” are often seen as complementary works, with the film adding a visual layer to the conceptual narrative of the album.
  • The film’s striking visuals and powerful storytelling continue to inspire and influence modern filmmakers, musicians, and visual artists.

These trivia and fun facts offer a glimpse into the captivating production and cultural impact of “Pink Floyd The Wall,” further highlighting the film’s enduring status as a significant piece of artistic and musical history.

Recommendations for Fans of Pink Floyd The Wall

If you are a fan of “Pink Floyd The Wall,” here are some recommendations to further immerse yourself in the captivating world of Pink Floyd and explore related works and experiences:

  • Listen to Pink Floyd’s Discography: Dive deeper into Pink Floyd’s music by exploring their extensive discography. Albums like “The Dark Side of the Moon,” “Wish You Were Here,” and “Animals” offer a captivating journey through the band’s psychedelic and progressive rock soundscapes.
  • Watch Live Performances and Concert Films: Experience the magic of Pink Floyd’s live performances by watching concert films like “Pulse” and “Live at Pompeii.” These films capture the band’s electrifying stage presence and showcase their iconic songs in a captivating live setting.
  • Explore Roger Waters’ Solo Work: Roger Waters, the driving force behind “The Wall,” has a prolific solo career with albums such as “Amused to Death” and “Is This the Life We Really Want?” that continue to carry his introspective and politically charged musical style.
  • Read Books on Pink Floyd: Immerse yourself in literature about Pink Floyd and their cultural significance. Recommended titles include “Comfortably Numb: The Inside Story of Pink Floyd” by Mark Blake and “The Pink Floyd Encyclopedia” by Vernon Fitch.
  • Attend Pink Floyd Tribute Shows: Check for local Pink Floyd tribute shows or cover bands performing in your area. These performances can recreate the immersive experience of Pink Floyd’s music and capture the essence of their live performances.
  • Discover Films with Visual and Conceptual Similarities: Explore other films known for their striking visuals, surreal storytelling, and profound themes. Movies like “A Clockwork Orange,” “Brazil,” and “The Wall” (directed by Alan Parker) share certain visual and thematic similarities that may resonate with fans of “Pink Floyd The Wall.”
  • Create your Own Artistic Expression: Let the themes and artistic vision of “Pink Floyd The Wall” inspire your own creativity. Try your hand at music, visual art, or writing that reflects your own interpretation of the film’s themes of isolation, trauma, and personal growth.

These recommendations offer avenues for further exploration and enjoyment for fans of “Pink Floyd The Wall.” They celebrate the legacy of Pink Floyd and provide opportunities to connect with other works and experiences that share similar themes, sounds, and visuals.