What Can You Plant In The Winter


Leafy Greens

When it comes to planting in the winter, leafy greens are a great option to consider. These nutritious greens not only thrive in colder temperatures but also add a refreshing touch to your meals. Here are some leafy green varieties that you can plant during the winter season:

  • Kale: Known for its hardiness, kale is perfect for winter planting. Its sturdy leaves can withstand frost and harsh weather conditions. You can choose from a variety of kale such as curly kale, Tuscan kale, or red kale.
  • Swiss Chard: Another cold-tolerant leafy green, Swiss chard, offers vibrant colored stems and flavorful leaves. It is versatile and can be added to salads, soups, or sautéed as a side dish.
  • Spinach: Spinach is a nutritious leafy green that can be grown all year round. However, it thrives exceptionally well in cooler temperatures. Add fresh spinach leaves to your salads, omelets, or stir-fries for added nutrition.
  • Arugula: This peppery-flavored green is perfect for adding a kick to your winter dishes. Arugula grows quickly and can be harvested multiple times during the winter months.

Leafy greens are not only packed with essential vitamins and minerals but are also easy to grow. Ensure that you provide them with enough sunlight and water regularly. With their cold tolerance and nutritional benefits, leafy greens are an excellent addition to your winter garden.

Root Vegetables

Winter is the perfect time to grow root vegetables, as they thrive in cooler temperatures and develop a rich flavor. Here are some root vegetables that you can plant during the winter season:

  • Carrots: Carrots are versatile and can be grown in both spring and winter. They are packed with vitamins and are a great addition to salads, soups, or roasted vegetable dishes.
  • Beets: Beets come in different varieties and colors, adding a vibrant touch to your winter garden. They can be roasted, pickled, or added to salads for a burst of earthy sweetness.
  • Turnips: Turnips are easy to grow and have a mild, slightly peppery flavor. You can enjoy them boiled, roasted, or mashed, adding a unique taste to your winter meals.
  • Parsnips: Parsnips are often overlooked but make for a delicious addition to winter dishes. They have a sweet and nutty flavor and can be roasted, mashed, or added to soups and stews.

When planting root vegetables, ensure that you sow the seeds directly into the ground or containers with well-draining soil. Keep the soil moist and give them enough space to grow. Harvest these delightful vegetables when they reach their peak maturity for the best taste and texture.


While many herbs tend to be associated with the warmer months, there are several varieties that can be successfully grown during the winter season. Here are some herbs that thrive in cooler temperatures:

  • Parsley: Parsley is an excellent herb to grow in winter. It can tolerate colder temperatures and provides a fresh pop of flavor to your dishes. Use it in soups, salads, or as a garnish for added taste and presentation.
  • Chives: Chives are resilient herbs that can withstand colder weather conditions. Their mild onion-like flavor can be used to enhance creams, baked potatoes, or omelets.
  • Thyme: Thyme is a hardy herb that can add a subtle earthy flavor to your winter recipes. It pairs well with roasted vegetables, stews, and hearty meat dishes.
  • Winter Savory: Winter savory is a perennial herb that retains its flavor even in colder climates. Its strong, peppery taste works well in bean soups, marinades, or with roasted meats.

When growing herbs in winter, make sure to provide them with ample sunlight. Place them near a south-facing window or consider using grow lights to ensure they receive adequate light. Additionally, water the herbs sparingly to prevent overwatering, as the cool temperatures may delay the drying of the soil.

Garlic and Onions

Garlic and onions are essential ingredients in many culinary dishes, and they can be successfully grown during the winter months. Here’s how you can grow them:

Garlic: Garlic is typically planted in late fall or early winter, as it requires a cold period to develop bulbs. Separate the garlic cloves and plant them about 2 inches deep, with the pointed end facing up. Mulch the area to provide insulation and protect the cloves from freezing temperatures. In early spring, you’ll see green shoots emerging from the ground. Harvest the garlic bulbs when the leaves start to turn brown and dry.

Onions: Onions can also be planted in winter, although they require a bit more protection from the cold. Start by choosing onion sets or small onion bulbs. Plant them about an inch deep, with the root side facing down. Mulch the soil around the onions to insulate them. Onions prefer well-draining soil and adequate sunlight. Harvest them when the greens have wilted and the bulbs have reached a good size.

Both garlic and onions provide a flavorful addition to a wide range of dishes, from soups and stir-fries to roasted vegetables and sauces. Planting them during the winter allows you to enjoy the fresh and aromatic flavors of homegrown garlic and onions all year round.


While strawberries are typically associated with warmer months, there are some varieties that can be successfully grown during the winter season. Here’s what you need to know about growing winter strawberries:

Varieties: Look for everbearing or day-neutral strawberry varieties that are specifically bred for cooler climates. These varieties are more tolerant of colder temperatures and can produce fruit even in winter.

Planting: Start by selecting healthy strawberry plants or runners from a nursery. Choose a sunny location with well-draining soil. Plant the strawberries in raised beds or containers, ensuring that the crowns sit just above the soil surface. Space the plants adequately to allow for airflow and prevent diseases.

Care: Water the strawberries regularly, making sure the soil stays evenly moist but not waterlogged. Apply a layer of mulch around the plants to protect the roots from extreme temperatures and to help retain moisture. If temperatures drop significantly, consider using row covers or cloches to provide additional protection.

Harvesting: Depending on the variety, you may start seeing strawberries as early as late winter or early spring. Harvest the strawberries when they are fully ripened and have developed a rich color. Enjoy them fresh, add them to desserts, or use them in preserves and jams.

While growing strawberries in winter requires some extra care and protection, the reward of enjoying fresh, homegrown strawberries even during the colder months is truly worth it. Plus, the vibrant red berries can bring a touch of sweetness and cheer to your winter garden.

Winter Flowers

When it comes to brightening up your garden during the winter season, there are several beautiful flowers that can withstand the colder temperatures. Here are some winter flowers that you can consider planting:

  • Pansies: Pansies are well-known for their vibrant colors and delicate appearance. They can tolerate cold temperatures and will continue to bloom even in the winter months.
  • Violas: Similar to pansies, violas are compact flowers with dainty petals. These cold-tolerant flowers come in a variety of colors and can add a charming touch to your winter garden.
  • Winter Jasmine: Winter jasmine is a deciduous climbing shrub that produces vibrant yellow flowers during the winter. Its cheerful blossoms bring a burst of color to the winter landscape.
  • Hellebores: Also known as Christmas roses, hellebores are a favorite winter flower. These perennial plants produce stunning blooms in shades of white, pink, purple, and green.
  • Winter Aconite: Winter aconite is a delightful flower that blooms in early winter, often even before the snow melts. Its bright yellow flowers add a cheerful charm to any winter garden.

Winter flowers not only add beauty and color to your garden but also attract pollinators during the colder months. Whether you plant them in flowerbeds, containers, or hanging baskets, these resilient flowers will bring life and joy to your outdoor space, even in the midst of winter.

Cover Crops

While winter is typically a time when many gardeners take a break from planting, cover crops offer a valuable opportunity to protect and enrich the soil during the colder months. Here are some cover crops that can be planted in winter:

  • Winter Rye: Winter rye is a popular cover crop that grows quickly and helps suppress weeds. It also improves soil structure and prevents erosion during winter storms. Once spring arrives, it can be easily tilled into the soil to add organic matter.
  • Clover: Clover is a nitrogen-fixing cover crop, meaning it captures nitrogen from the air and stores it in the soil, enriching it naturally. It also prevents weed growth and provides ground cover to protect the soil from erosion.
  • Field Peas: Field peas are another excellent winter cover crop. They have deep roots that help break up compacted soil and improve drainage. Field peas also fix nitrogen, making them beneficial for the following growing season.
  • Hairy Vetch: Hairy vetch is a cold-tolerant cover crop that adds nitrogen to the soil and helps suppress weeds. It has a sprawling growth habit and is ideal for areas where ground cover is desired.

By planting cover crops during winter, you can protect the soil from erosion, improve its fertility, and reduce weed pressure. As spring approaches, you can either incorporate the cover crops into the soil or simply allow them to break down, providing a natural mulch for your upcoming plantings.


Microgreens are young and tender plants that are harvested when they are only a few inches tall. They are packed with flavor and nutrients, making them an excellent addition to your winter garden. Here’s how you can grow microgreens during the winter season:

Selection: Choose microgreen varieties that are well-suited for growing in colder temperatures. Popular choices include arugula, radish, kale, mustard greens, and spinach.

Containers: You can grow microgreens in trays, containers, or even recycled materials like plastic clamshell containers. Ensure that the containers have drainage holes to prevent waterlogging.

Soil: Fill the containers with a sterile, well-draining potting mix. Avoid using garden soil, as it may contain pathogens that can harm the delicate microgreens.

Sowing: Scatter the microgreen seeds evenly over the soil surface. Press them gently into the soil, and then cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil or vermiculite.

Light and Water: Place the containers in a location with ample sunlight or under grow lights. Keep the soil consistently moist, but avoid overwatering, as it can lead to damping-off disease.

Harvesting: Once the microgreens have reached a height of 1-2 inches and have developed their first set of true leaves, they are ready to be harvested. Use scissors or a sharp knife to cut them just above the soil surface.

Microgreens can be eaten raw in salads, used as a garnish, or added to sandwiches and smoothies. They not only provide a burst of flavor to your winter meals but also offer a variety of vitamins and antioxidants. With their quick growth and versatility, microgreens are an excellent way to enjoy fresh greens during the winter season.

Winter Squash

Winter squash is a versatile and nutritious vegetable that can be a great addition to your winter garden. These hard-skinned squashes have a long shelf life, making them excellent for storing and enjoying throughout the colder months. Here’s what you need to know about growing winter squash:

Varieties: There are several varieties of winter squash to choose from, including butternut, acorn, delicata, and spaghetti squash. Each variety has its own unique flavor and texture.

Planting: Winter squash is typically planted in late spring or early summer, but you can start seeds indoors during the late winter and transplant them outdoors once all frost has passed. They require full sun and well-draining soil.

Care: Water the plants regularly, especially during dry spells. Mulch around the base of the plants to help retain moisture and suppress weed growth. Provide support, such as trellises or stakes, for the vines to grow on.

Harvesting: Winter squash is ready to be harvested when the skin has hardened and cannot be easily punctured with a fingernail. Leave about an inch of stem attached to the squash when cutting them from the vine. Cure them in a warm, dry area for a couple of weeks to further toughen the skin before storing.

Winter squash is incredibly versatile in the kitchen and can be used in a variety of recipes. Roast them, puree them for soups and sauces, or use them in baked goods. With their rich flavor and nutritional benefits, winter squash is a fantastic addition to your winter garden and your winter menu.

Fruit Trees

Growing fruit trees in your garden can be a rewarding and fruitful experience, even during the winter season. While some fruit trees enter a dormant phase during the colder months, there are still several varieties that can be grown and provide fresh fruit. Here’s what you need to know about growing fruit trees in winter:

Varieties: Certain fruit trees have adapted to colder temperatures and can withstand winter conditions. Some popular choices include apple trees, pear trees, cherry trees, and certain varieties of citrus trees like kumquat and Satsuma mandarin.

Planting: It’s best to plant fruit trees in the fall or early winter when they are dormant. Choose a sunny location with well-draining soil. Dig a hole that is deep and wide enough to accommodate the tree’s root ball. Amend the soil if necessary, and water the tree thoroughly after planting.

Care: While fruit trees are dormant, it is crucial to provide them with adequate water and protect them from extreme temperatures. Mulch around the base of the tree to help insulate the roots and conserve moisture.

Pruning: Winter is an ideal time to prune fruit trees while they are dormant. Pruning helps promote healthy growth, improves air circulation, and removes any dead or diseased branches. Follow proper pruning techniques, and consider consulting a local arborist or garden expert for guidance.

Harvesting: Depending on the specific fruit tree variety, you may need to wait until spring or summer to enjoy the fruits of your labor. Be patient and follow the recommended harvesting guidelines for each type of fruit.

Growing fruit trees in winter can be a fulfilling experience. Not only do fruit trees add beauty to your garden with their blossoms, but they also provide you with fresh and delicious fruits to enjoy in the warmer months. With proper care and attention, you can create a thriving winter garden filled with fruitful trees.